License Types

 

Summary of Hours Required

License TypeSchoolApprentice
Barber1,0002,000
Cosmetologist1,5003,000
Esthetician1,0002,000
Natural Hair Stylist210420
Manicurist7501,200
Manicurist/Waxer
(Requires Manicurist license + 160 hours Waxing instruction)
160N/A
Cosmetologist/Barber
(Requires Cosmetologist license + 16 hour Barber shave course)
16N/A

General Requirements

To obtain a license in any discipline from the Alabama Board of Cosmetology, you must be at least 16 years old, have completed at least 10 grades in secondary school (or the equivalent), and be legally permitted to work in the United States.

 

Cosmetologist

Cosmetology is hair, nails, and skin care.

 

Esthetician

Esthetics is the practice of performing acts of skin care including, but not limited to, facials, body waxing, and skin care.

 

Manicurist

Manicure is the cosmetic treatment of the hands, nails, and feet.

 

Manicurist/Waxer

A licensed Manicurist who has completed at least 160 hours of Waxing training in a licensed or registered school.

 

Esthetician/Manicurist

This is a combination license for dually-licensed Estheticians and Manicurists.

 

Natural Hair Stylist

Natural Hair Stylists perform cleansing, weaving, or interweaving, extending, locking, braiding, or arranging the hair without cutting, coloring, permanent waving, relaxing, removing, or chemical treatments.

 

Barber

The state of Alabama recognizes two classes of barbers, Class 1 and Class 2. A Class 1 barber only Shaves or trims the beard or trims the hair. Class 1 barbers are not regulated by the Alabama Board of Cosmetology and Barbering.

Class 2 barbers shave or trim the beard, cut or dress the hair, give facial or scalp massages with or without oils or creams or other preparations made for that purpose, hair care with the use of chemicals, which includes cutting and styling.

 

Threader

Threading is the practice of eyebrow removal with the use of a cotton thread or other type material.

 

Shampoo Assistant

A Shampoo Assistant is permitted to wash hair only. The requirements to be a Shampoo Assistant are on the Shampoo Assistant Application.

 

Instructor Licenses

Per Code of Alabama §34-7B-24, "No person may be admitted to an examination or licensed as an instructor unless he or she possesses all the following qualifications:

  1. Has completed at least 12 grades in secondary school, or equivalent.
  2. Holds a valid license in the applicable area of practice.
  3. Satisfies either of the following requirements: a. Has successfully completed at least 1,500 hours in a teacher’s training course at a school licensed or registered under the provisions of this chapter or b. Has completed at least one year of active experience in a shop plus 650 hours in a school licensed or registered under the provisions of this chapter."

The Alabama Board of Cosmetology and Barbering offers Instructor licenses in the following areas of practice:

  • Cosmetologist
  • Manicurist
  • Esthetician
  • Barber
  • Natural Hair Stylist
  • Esthetician/Manicurist
  • Manicurist/Waxer